Early Nineteenth-Century American Blown Flint Glass: A Beginners Guide to Connoisseurship

Early Nineteenth-Century American Blown Flint Glass: A Beginners Guide to Connoisseurship

When considering value and collectibility, much depends on design, workmanship, condition, maker, and rarity. Few antique weights contain signature and date canes to aid in identification and evaluation; yet, some paperweights contain date or signature canes with false information. In addition, there are many cheaply made paperweights of poor quality that are passed off as collectible antiques. This chapter presents a basic introduction to the main characteristics used in identify ing glass paperweights made before The look and feel of the glass used in paperweights varies from maker to maker depending upon the formulas and raw materials used. The heaviness of. These antique pieces are heavier in the hand than most contemporary paperweights.

Chapter IV

Dating baccarat marks These bottles by collectors to date ranges for a pontil scar or mark on the first thing to Georgian funnel bowl of probable jar To the evolution of the excavations at.

FREE-BLOWN TAPERED EWER opaque white with maroon applied handle, rough pontil mark. Price Realized: $ Sold Date: Jan 28, Lot #

During the second quarter of the nineteenth century American glass factories reached a golden age in the production of fine free blown, molded, cut, and engraved flint lead glass. Prior to this time the domestic glass industry suffered from competition with England and the Continent. Tariffs levied on imported glass in and again in , however, served to stimulate American glass production and the number of glass factories increased dramatically. The blown flint glass of this period attests to the skill and ingenuity of American glass craftsmen who were intent on matching the quality of imported wares while meeting the demands of the expanding middle-class market.

One can still purchase outstanding examples of early- to mid-nineteenth century blown flint glass worthy of inclusion in any collection of American decorative arts. While the first rule is to buy what you like, a wise buyer should also approach objects with a critical eye. Early American glass manufacturers rarely marked their wares, and continued use of traditional production techniques allows for fakes and reproductions to be made quite easily.

What follows are guidelines in assessing the authenticity and aesthetic merit of blown glass. Armed with knowledge of glass history and technology, and knowing how to apply these connoisseurship skills, it is possible to demystify the process of buying early American glass. Lead glass. Courtesy of M.

Georgian Glass

To browse Academia. Skip to main content. Log In Sign Up. Download Free PDF. Graciela Montero. Massimiliano Pontil.

Typical form of bottle base and pontil mark resulting from a glass-tipped pontil. Summary of dates of push-ups and pontil marks for clear ‘flint and pale-.

A pontil mark or punt mark is the scar where the pontil , punty or punt was broken from a work of blown glass. The presence of such a scar indicates that a glass bottle or bowl was blown freehand, while the absence of a punt mark suggests either that the mark has been obliterated or that the work was mold-blown. Some glassblowers grind a hollow into the base of their work, obliterating the natural punt scar. Where the base of the work is sufficiently heavy, the entire natural base can be sawed or ground flat.

Where the base of the work is concave, after the punt has been broken from the work, the punt may be used to attach a small gather of hot glass over the punt scar, into which a maker’s mark is impressed. As commonly used in the collectibles and antiques industry, the term refers to the mark impressed on a blown glass item over this scar, since many notable glassblowers have impressed or engraved makers marks in the punt scars of their work.

The base of a wine bottle, particularly when it is indented, has come to be known as a punt , although wine bottles have generally been mold-blown for centuries. In older enamelled glass there are often two pontil marks, indicating that the piece has been in the furnace twice, before and after the enamels were added.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Doran Co. See pages

Old Bottle Trademark Identification Made Easy

The information below has been distilled from a variety of sources, most notably from “Miller’s antique checklist – Glass” by Mark West, and “Eighteenth Century English drinking-glasses an illustrated guide ” by L M Bickerton full publication details of which you will find in the “books” section of “glass notes” , both of which books we recommend if this is a field in which you are thinking of starting a collection. Several of the shapes below have been reproduced in later periods.

During the s and s, there was a big revival in interest in Georgian and Regency styles, and the kuttrolf or cluck-cluck was produced for many years after the second World War by Holmegaard.

Glass Manufacturers’ Marks ~ list of hallmarks and logos on bottles, fruit jars, known () as Verallia North America, (mark dates to mid/late s). and many of the repro/fantasy bottles have an “imitation” pontil mark on the.

Historic Bottle Website “Map”. The main subject pages are in bold capital letters and the sub-pages are listed underneath the related main page title in smaller, non-bold lettering. Recent significant updates, additions and revisions to the site are noted further down the page. Schulz, Peter D. Schulz, Editors. It also includes “Bottle Dating Worksheets” p. Rebecca Allen and this author to assist in the systematic dating of an historic bottle based on the information in that dating key as well as other information on the website.

In part, the book fulfills this authors long time desire to have a hard copy “field guide” version of this website for use by archaeologists and others by having at least the dating portions available in printed form to take to the field. Beyond that the book includes more information about historic bottle identification typology , bottle production, and more than can be summarized here. The book is available at www.

It is also available as a downloadable PDF file. All proceeds from sale of this book go directly to benefit the work of the Society for Historical Archaeology! Updates, additions and revisions to this website. This is all directed towards the eventual completion of

Carnival glass

A group of confusing new apothecary bottles and jars are on the market. Not only are the new pieces hand finished like old examples, but also carry artificially aged paper labels with simulated pen and ink handwriting and 19th century dates. There are no permanent marks on the new bottles and jars; the only mark is a paper label reading “Made in India”.

Define pontil. pontil synonyms, pontil pronunciation, pontil translation, English reliable ways of dating Galle glass is the ground-out pontil mark on the base.

Photo courtesy of Tom K. S in a diamond horizontally oriented ………….. Yockel and his glass mold manufacturing firm, there is a letter proving that the Chicago Glass Manufacturing Co. Thus, perhaps all, if not most, hand-blown bottles with this mark were products of that company?? Perhaps time will tell. Please also see the next entry.

S in a diamond the diamond is vertically oriented.

Glass bottle push-ups and pontil marks

Bring it to Dr. Since bottles can be very valuable and collectible, knowing the approximate age of a bottle can help you sell them for top dollar. It happens. The base of a glass bottle will tell you a lot about its age.

The dating and identification of glassware is not always an easy task. the pontil iron was broken off the base, leaving a rough mark on the base of the glass.

Estimating the age of antique bottles can sometimes be a difficult task even for the experienced collector. However, by following some basic guidelines anyone can determine approximate age. Although this brief article is primarily intended for American-made bottles, glass from other countries has evolved similarly. This outline covers basic patterns but note that there are exceptions to every rule.

Most bottles produced in the past years were formed by blowing molten glass into a mold. Molds were made of iron or wood and consist of 2 or 3 pieces. When the bottle was removed from a mold, a faint seam remained in the glass, running from the base to a point somewhere between the shoulder on up to the top edge of the mouth.

In a 3-piece mold, a seam often runs horizontally around the shoulder of the bottle with opposing seams on the neck. To some extent, the height of the mold seam on the bottle can indicate age. Entire classes of bottles break the rule. For example, fruit jars made in the third and forth quarters of the 19th century. Sheared top bottles are another case where mold seam height is not a good indicator of age.

See the Mold Seam Examples page for more details [coming soon] Base of Bottle Pontil mark — A iron rod was often stuck to the base of hand blown bottles prior to approximately

9 20 13 corn field hunt, colonial shoe buckle

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